Botanical Name :Teramnus labialis. Spreng.
According To Modern
According To Ayurveda
Sushruta- kakolyadigana, Vidarigandhadigana
Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oshadhi varga,Madhyam panchamula
Raj nighantu,Dhanvantari Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga
Other Names :
Hindi name- VanaUdad
Telugu name- AdaviMahasaha
English name – Vogel tephorsis
Kannada name – Adaviuddu
Malyalam name – kattuulanda
Marathi name – Ran udad
General Information :
Habit – spereading twining herb. Stem – slender, more or less hairy. Leaves – Compound, 3-foliate, petiole is 1 to 4 cm long, stipules are 3mm long, ovate-lanceolate, leafletes are membranous, 4 to 6 cm long and 2 to 2.5 cm wide, ovate – oblong, glabrous above and hairy beneath. Inflorescence – few flowered axillary recemes. Flower – papilionaceous, redishcoloured. Fruits – pods, 4 to 5 cm long, 2.5 mm wide, narrowly linear, hairy when yound, seeds are 8 to 12 in number, oblong, truncate or slightly rounded at the ends and dark brown in colour.
Specific Parts :
Panchanga, Moola (Root)
माषपर्णी हिमा तिक्ता स्निग्धा शुक्रबलासकृत│
मधुरा गृहिणी शोथवातपित्तज्वरास्त्रजित ││भ.प्र.
माषपर्णी हिमा रुक्षा मधुरा कफशुक्रला l
तिक्ता संग्रहणी वातपित्तदाह ज्वरास्त्रजित् l l कै नि
माषपर्णी रसे तिक्ता शीतला रक्त पित्तजित् l
कफपित्तशुक्रकरी हन्ति दाह ज्वरानिलान्l l ध नि
Internal application :
It should be used in udarashoola, vishatambha and grahi.
In raktapitta,shotha, ardita,ksayaroga, pakshaghat and other vatvyadhis and in shukrameha, daha and jvara.
It is sangrahi in nature hence used in diarrhea and IBS.
jivaka, Mudgaparni (Phaseolustrilobus), Masaparni (Teramnuslabialis) sidhhagrut/ghee is used in cough originated from Pitta dosa.
Mashaparni is a nutrition rich herb. It balances vata and pitta dosha. It increases kaphadosha.
Mashparni is good for treating Vata and Pitta Disorders, Fatigue, Muscle wasting and bleeding disorders.
Mashparniboosts body energy and lmmunity. It strengthens the muscles.
It is used to improve the sperm and semen quality and quantity.
It is useful in disease related to blood like abscess,menorrhagia ,nasal bleeding.
It is also given in burning sensation like gastritis,neuropathy,burning sensation in eyes.
Quatha – 40 to 80 ml.
Choorna – 1 to 4 gm.
Amruth Jeevan Rasayanam
Chemical Composition :
Seeds contain potassium, magnesium, calcium, and, phosphorus Crude protein, crude fat, ash, and nitrogen free extract constituted 22.86%, 6.10%, 4.62%, and,58.15%, respectively, of the seed weight. Caloric value of 100 g dry matter of seed material was 378.94 kcal. The essential amino acids lysine, leucine +isoleucine, arginine, valine and histidine were present in relatively large quantities.
Research Corner :
In vivo bioassay-guided fractionation of the aqueous alcohol extract of the aerial parts of Teramnuslabialis (Roxb.) Benth. (Fabaceae), using C57BUKs-db/db mice as a model for type 2 diabetes, yielded an active fraction containing a mixture of coumarins. The major coumarin present in the active fraction was identified as fraxidin.