Botanical Name :Phaseolus mungo Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Rosales

Family     –Papilionaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Dhanyavarga

Sushruta- MadhuraVarga

Bhavprakash- Dhanyavarga

 

Other Names :

Tamil: uḷuntu

Gujarati: aḷad, aḍad

Hindi: उड़ददाल uṛaddāl, उरददाल uraddāl

Kannada: uddu, uddinabēḷe

Marathi: उडीद uḍid

Malayalam: uẓunu

Telugu: minumulu

Tulu: urdubele

Bengali: mashkalaiḍal

Nepali: मास

Punjabi: māsh

Oriya: biriḍāli

Sinhala : undu

 

General Information :

Habit – Annual slender extensively speading hairy herb.Branches – Strong and wiry. Stem – With woody root stock, slender, more or less hairy. Leaves – Alternate, trifoliate, large at the end, deltoid shaped at base. Petiole is 4 to 7.5 cm long and grooved. Inflorescence – Raceme.Flowers- White or Yellowish in colour. Fruit – Pods with 6 to 12 seeds in one fruit.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Madhura

Vipak- Madhura

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Guru, Snigdha

Specific Parts :

Seeds

Doshaghnata :

Increase kapha due to guru, snigdha, madhura, due to ushna increase Pitta and due to all attribute it descriesVata

Benefits :

It is useful in aruchi, vibandha, udarashool, yakritvikar due to its rochan, pureeshjanan,shoolprashamana action.

It is useful in klaibya, rajorodha and stanyavikar due to its vrushya, stanyaanan property.

Due to balya, jivaniya action it is used in daurbalya and kushta.

 

Vijikaranartha (As an Aphrodisiac)

Masa (Phaseolus mungo) sidhha ghee or mashasidhhamilk will be an excellent Vajikara (Aphrodisiac) preparation.

 

Vatikasiroroga (Disorders of head to Vatadosa)

I Masa (Phaseolus mungo) and Mudga with ghee or oil or paste of Tila (Sesamumindicum) with milk is effective in vatajshiroroga.

 

For soft and smooth skin –

 Mix together powdered black gram, glycerin, rose water and almond oil and apply this paste on to your face. Wash it off with cold water after about 15 minutes. This remedy helps in moisturizing your skin as well making it smooth and soft.

 

For removing sunburn and suntan – 

Soak a quarter of a cup of black gram overnight and then grind it into a fine paste the next day. Mix some yogurt with this paste and apply it on your face, hands, neck and other affected areas. Wash it off after 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat this procedure 3 or 4 times a week can help to get rid of sunburns and tanning

Formulation (Kalp) :

MashabaladiPachan, Mahamashataila.

Dosage :

Choorna – 5 to 10 gm.

Research Corner :

The study nodules of phaseolus mungo (L), a herbaceous leguminous pulse, contain high amounts of ascorbic acid (AsA). A glucose pool present in the nodule might serve as precursor for AsA production. From root nodule, a Rhizobium sp. Was isolated.

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