Botanical Name :Cassia angustifolia. Vahl.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Kingdom

Order –Rosales

Family     –Caesalpiniaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not included in Varga

Sushruta- Not included in Gana

Bhavprakash- GuducyadiVarga

 

Other Names :

English- Indian Senna
Hindi- Senai
Kannada- Nelavarike
Tamil- Nilavirai
Telugu- Nelatagedu
Malayalam- Nilavilakku

General Information :

Habit – shrub or undershrub. Branches are subterete or obtusely angled erect or ascending branches. Leaves – Compound, 5-8 jugate, leaflets are lanceolate, glabrous. Inflorescence – Axillary raceme, many flowered. Flower- yellow in colour Fruit – legume, flat 1.5 to 2 cm in breadth. Seeds – Obovate, cuneate and compressed.

Types Of Plant’s :

Arabic and Sikandari

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Katu, Tikta, Madhura, Kasaya

Vipak-Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna

Specific Parts :

Leaf, Fruit

Doshaghnata :

Vatanulomana, Pittashodhana.

 

 

 

 

 

Shloka’s :

विटसंगं वह्रीमा दयं च यक्रुद्धाल्युदरं तथा │

प्लीहोदरं बध्दगुदं अजीर्ण विषमज्वरम││

कामला पांडूरोगं च कल्याणी क्षपयेद ध्रुवम │अ.वि.

Benefits :

It is anulomana, sransana and yakritottejana in nature hence it causes loose motions. To avoid gripping, shunthi and mishi should be given .pods cause less griping. Both act as wormicide. Hence are used in krimi, pitta and raktadushtijavikarsa.

Pittajajwara (Fever due to Pitta)

markandika (Cassia angustifolia) powder (6gm) with water for purgation. It also reduces burning sensation and headache.

Prameha (Diabetes)

Markandika(Cassia agnustifolia) leaves paste is  applied over the area in case of Twakvikara (skin diseases).

Markandika leaf or pod, in dried form is stimulates the liver for production of Pitta.
• MarkandikaLeaf  powderis a blood purifier. Dose500 mg.
Precaution:
• Markandika leaves will induce mild purgation in the breast feeding infant.
• Markandika is contraindicated in people suffering from inflammatory colon diseases, severe dysentery.

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Name                          indication

Satsakarachoorna       Virecanartha, Vibandha

 

Dosage :

1 to 3 gm. As a Koshthabala

Research Corner :

The study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of cassia seed ethanol extract (CSE) in carbon tetrachloride (CCI(4)- induced liver injury in mice. The results suggested that CSE could protect mice against CCI(4)-induced liver injury via enhancement effects of cassia seed ethanol capacity.

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