Malas means waste products.The food which we taken for the building of body was gone through number of Biological processes which results in formation of digestive juice (ahar rasa) and waste products(mala nirmiti) Ahar rasa formed from digestion process will use for the formation of body tissues ,cells,organs etc.While the waste product will expelled out from the body in the form of urine (Mutra),stool(purish) and sweat (sweda)
In Ayurveda there are 2 types of malas are explained-
1. Ahar Mala- means waste from food.It includes purish ,mutra and sweda.
2. Dhatu Mala- means waste from cells and tissues.It includes nails,hair,secreation from nose,eyes and ears etc
As we know this as malas or waste product,but it has its clinical significance in maintenance of health.like sweating helps in maintenance of body temperature(thermo-regulation),urine expels toxic waste from the blood,by stool toxins of intestines and stomach expels out. Mucous discharge of nose and ears keeps the passage moist and does not allow the entry of foreign particles in to the body.
Decrease in or increase in malas quantity results in formation of disease.The malas are composed of panchmahabhootas like feces is composed by mainly Prithvi Mahabhoota.Urine is composed by mainly jala and Teja mahabhoota and sweat is composed by Jala mahabhoota.
|Mala||Vriddhi (increase)||Ksaya (decrease)|
|Feces (purisha) Mahabhuta: earth||Heaviness Flatulence Abdominal discomfort (generalized)||Bloating Abdominal pain (mid) Low back pain Weakness Asthma Osteoarthritis Hypokalemia Hypocalcemia|
|Urine (mutra) Mahabhuta: water and fire||Urinary frequency Bladder dysfunction Urinary tract infections||Reduced urine Chronic thirst Renal stones Abdominal pain (lower)|
|Sweat (sveda) Mahabhuta : water||Perspires easily Fungal dermatoses Low body temperature Constipation Body odor Itching Constipation||Decreased perspiration Dry skin Burning sensations High body temperature|