Botanical Name :Melia azadirachta. Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Geraniales

Family     –Mliaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not included in Varga

Sushruta- PippalyadiGana

Bhavprakash- GuducyadiVarga

 

Other Names :

Scientific Name: Melia Azedarach

Assamese: Khammaga

Bengali: Ghoranim, Mahanim, Gora-Nim

English: Persian Lilac, Chinaberry, Bead Tree, Bastard Cedar, Indian/Barbados/Cape Lilac, Bakain, Drek, Deikna

Gujrati: BakanLimado, BakaiNimbu

Hindi: Bakain, Drek, Deikna, Bakarja, MallaNim

Kannada: KaduBevu

Malayalam: Malaveppu

Marathi: BakanaNimb

Punjabi: Dharek, Bakain, Drek

Sanskrit: Ramyaka, Dreka

Tamil: Malaivembu, MallayVembu, Puvempu, Malaivembu

Telugu: Turakavepa, TarakaVepa

Urdu: Maghz-E-Bakain, Bakaayan

Filipino: Paraiso,Bagaluñga,Balagañgo

French: Lilas Des Antilles, Lilas Des Indes ,FleursLilas, PimentD’eau

German: Zedarachßaum, Paternosterßaum

Indonesia: Marambung, Mindi, Gringging

Italian: Albero Dei Paternostri

Javanese: Gringging

Nepali: Bakena, Bakaina, Bakaino

Trade Name: Persian Lilac

 

 

 

 

 

General Information :

Habit – big tree grows upto 40 ft. in height. Trunk – Very thick. Leaves – Compound, very big 20 to 45 cm long, bipinnate, pinnae are opposite or alternate, Ultimate leaflets are ovate or lanceolate, obtusely serrate, glabrous on both the surfaces. Petioles are short and slender. Inflorescence – Axillary panicles. Flowers – Fragrant, long peduncled, lilac coloured, petals are 1.5 cm long. Fruits – Drupe, ellipsoid – globose and 4 seeded.

Types Of Plant’s :

Melia composite.

It’s leaves are bigger and flowers are greenish white.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Tikta, Kasaya, Katu

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Sheeta

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha

Specific Parts :

Bark, Root, Seed

Doshaghnata :

Tridoshaghna

Shloka’s :

महानिम्ब हिमो रूक्षास्तिक्तो ग्राही कषायक:│

कफापित्तभ्रमच्छर्दीकुष्ठहल्लासकुजित│रक्त

प्रमेहश्र्वासगुल्मार्शोमूषिकाविषनाशन:│

Benefits :

It is useful in gridhrasi, arsha, krimi, raktadushti, kasa, shvasa, kashtartava, skin diseases, chaturthikajvara, daurbalya and in poisoining caused by rat- bite.

 

Krimi (Worm infestation)

Mahanimbaleaves juice (Melia azadarach) is given internally in the treatment of krimi (Worms). Dose-50-60ml

 

Prameha (Diabetes)

Mahanimba (Melia azedarach) seed (6) is boiled with rice water, then 5 gm of ghee is added and taken internally, it is good remedy for prameha (Diabetes).

 

Asthma

An aqueous extract of the heartwood relieves asthmatic attacks.

 

Dandruff

leaves juice application in hair roots gives good result in dandruff

 

Hernia

Leaves decoction  is given in  hernia.

 

Joint pain

Bark paste is applied for joint pain.

 

Kidney problem, increased uric acid, serum creatinine

Bark decoction of mahanimba is given in kidney disorders for better result.Dose-30-40ml,twice a day

 

Lice

flowers paste application on the head is effective for  lice.

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Pitta-Kaphasamaka, Pittasamaka, Kaphahara

Dosage :

Kavatha – 50 to 100 ml.

Beeja – 1 to 3 gm.

 

Research Corner :

This study was conducted to determine antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic acitivities of extracts of Melia azedarach bark with methanol/water (9:1 v/v), chloroform, butanol, hexane, water and ethyl acetate. For the determination of the antimicrobial activities, the agar well diffusion method was employed. Cytotoxicity was studied by  brine shrimp lethality assay; antioxidant activities were measured using, 1,1-dipheny1-2-picrylhydrazyl.

 

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