Botanical Name :Melia azadirachta. Linn.
According To Modern
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not included in Varga
Other Names :
Scientific Name: Melia Azedarach
Bengali: Ghoranim, Mahanim, Gora-Nim
English: Persian Lilac, Chinaberry, Bead Tree, Bastard Cedar, Indian/Barbados/Cape Lilac, Bakain, Drek, Deikna
Gujrati: BakanLimado, BakaiNimbu
Hindi: Bakain, Drek, Deikna, Bakarja, MallaNim
Punjabi: Dharek, Bakain, Drek
Sanskrit: Ramyaka, Dreka
Tamil: Malaivembu, MallayVembu, Puvempu, Malaivembu
Telugu: Turakavepa, TarakaVepa
Urdu: Maghz-E-Bakain, Bakaayan
French: Lilas Des Antilles, Lilas Des Indes ,FleursLilas, PimentD’eau
German: Zedarachßaum, Paternosterßaum
Indonesia: Marambung, Mindi, Gringging
Italian: Albero Dei Paternostri
Nepali: Bakena, Bakaina, Bakaino
Trade Name: Persian Lilac
General Information :
Habit – big tree grows upto 40 ft. in height. Trunk – Very thick. Leaves – Compound, very big 20 to 45 cm long, bipinnate, pinnae are opposite or alternate, Ultimate leaflets are ovate or lanceolate, obtusely serrate, glabrous on both the surfaces. Petioles are short and slender. Inflorescence – Axillary panicles. Flowers – Fragrant, long peduncled, lilac coloured, petals are 1.5 cm long. Fruits – Drupe, ellipsoid – globose and 4 seeded.
Types Of Plant’s :
It’s leaves are bigger and flowers are greenish white.
Rasa-Tikta, Kasaya, Katu
Specific Parts :
Bark, Root, Seed
महानिम्ब हिमो रूक्षास्तिक्तो ग्राही कषायक:│
It is useful in gridhrasi, arsha, krimi, raktadushti, kasa, shvasa, kashtartava, skin diseases, chaturthikajvara, daurbalya and in poisoining caused by rat- bite.
Krimi (Worm infestation)
Mahanimbaleaves juice (Melia azadarach) is given internally in the treatment of krimi (Worms). Dose-50-60ml
Mahanimba (Melia azedarach) seed (6) is boiled with rice water, then 5 gm of ghee is added and taken internally, it is good remedy for prameha (Diabetes).
An aqueous extract of the heartwood relieves asthmatic attacks.
leaves juice application in hair roots gives good result in dandruff
Leaves decoction is given in hernia.
Bark paste is applied for joint pain.
Kidney problem, increased uric acid, serum creatinine
Bark decoction of mahanimba is given in kidney disorders for better result.Dose-30-40ml,twice a day
flowers paste application on the head is effective for lice.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Pitta-Kaphasamaka, Pittasamaka, Kaphahara
Kavatha – 50 to 100 ml.
Beeja – 1 to 3 gm.
Research Corner :
This study was conducted to determine antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic acitivities of extracts of Melia azedarach bark with methanol/water (9:1 v/v), chloroform, butanol, hexane, water and ethyl acetate. For the determination of the antimicrobial activities, the agar well diffusion method was employed. Cytotoxicity was studied by brine shrimp lethality assay; antioxidant activities were measured using, 1,1-dipheny1-2-picrylhydrazyl.