Botanical Name :Caesalpinia crista. Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order – Rosales

Family     –Caesalpinaceaee

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not included in varga

Sushruta- Not included in gana

Bhavprakash- Guducyadivarga

 

Other Names :

Hindi name: kantakareja
Telugu – Gaccakaya
Tamil – Kajichi kaya
Kannada – GajjugaKayi, Gajjugamara.

Marathi-Sagargota.

Malayalam Kajanachikkuru, kazhanji;

English- Fever nut

Bengali- Natakani

General Information :

Habit – large straggling thorny shrub. Branches – armed with hooks and straight hard yellow prickles. Leaves – compound, 30 to 60 cm long, petioles are prickly, at the base of leaf there is a pair of stipule reduced to pinnae, prinnae are 6 to 9 pairs, 2 to 3.8 cm long, 1 to 2 cm wide, elliptic-oblong, glabrous above, more or less puberulous beneath short petiolutes. Inflorescence – long peduncled terminal or supra axillary raceme. Fruit – pods., shortly  stalked, oblong, 5 to 7 cm long, 45 cm wide, densely armed with wiry prickles. Seeds are 1 to 2 in one fruit, lead coloured 1 to 3 cm long.

Types Of Plant’s :

Latakaranja

 

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Tikta, kasaya

Vipak- katu

Virya- ushna

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha

 

Specific Parts :

Seed, root, Leaf

 

Doshaghnata :

Kaphaghna, Vataghna

 

Benefits :

Visamajwara (Malarial fever)

Latakaranja (Caesalpinia crista) seed powder is given and administered with equal quantity of Marica (Piper nigrum) choorna (Powder) in case of Visamajwara (Malarial fever).

Youvanapidaka (Pimples)

Latakaranja (Caesalpinia crista)seed is grinded with Godugdha (Cow milk) and applied in case of Youvanapidaka (Pimples).

Seed and long pepper powders with honey has good expectorant effect and given in cold, cough and respiratory illness.

oil prepared from Latakaranj seeds and castor oil is applied externally on hydrocele.

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Vishamajvaraghnivati.

Dosage :

Seed Pulp- 1 to 3 gm.

Chemical Composition :

The seed contain 20 p.c. fixed oil, carbohydrate, caesalpine, diturpine, bondusin and bonducillin.

 

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