Botanical Name :Caesalpinia crista. Linn.
According To Modern
Order – Rosales
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not included in varga
Sushruta- Not included in gana
Other Names :
Hindi name: kantakareja
Telugu – Gaccakaya
Tamil – Kajichi kaya
Kannada – GajjugaKayi, Gajjugamara.
Malayalam Kajanachikkuru, kazhanji;
English- Fever nut
General Information :
Habit – large straggling thorny shrub. Branches – armed with hooks and straight hard yellow prickles. Leaves – compound, 30 to 60 cm long, petioles are prickly, at the base of leaf there is a pair of stipule reduced to pinnae, prinnae are 6 to 9 pairs, 2 to 3.8 cm long, 1 to 2 cm wide, elliptic-oblong, glabrous above, more or less puberulous beneath short petiolutes. Inflorescence – long peduncled terminal or supra axillary raceme. Fruit – pods., shortly stalked, oblong, 5 to 7 cm long, 45 cm wide, densely armed with wiry prickles. Seeds are 1 to 2 in one fruit, lead coloured 1 to 3 cm long.
Types Of Plant’s :
Specific Parts :
Seed, root, Leaf
Visamajwara (Malarial fever)
Latakaranja (Caesalpinia crista) seed powder is given and administered with equal quantity of Marica (Piper nigrum) choorna (Powder) in case of Visamajwara (Malarial fever).
Latakaranja (Caesalpinia crista)seed is grinded with Godugdha (Cow milk) and applied in case of Youvanapidaka (Pimples).
Seed and long pepper powders with honey has good expectorant effect and given in cold, cough and respiratory illness.
oil prepared from Latakaranj seeds and castor oil is applied externally on hydrocele.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Seed Pulp- 1 to 3 gm.
Chemical Composition :
The seed contain 20 p.c. fixed oil, carbohydrate, caesalpine, diturpine, bondusin and bonducillin.