Botanical Name :Caesalpinia crista. Linn.
According To Modern
Order – Rosales
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not included in varga
Sushruta- Not included in gana
Other Names :
Hindi name: kantakareja
Telugu – Gaccakaya
Tamil – Kajichi kaya
Kannada – GajjugaKayi, Gajjugamara.
Malayalam Kajanachikkuru, kazhanji;
English- Fever nut
Kantakikaranja-Shrub with kantak (thorn)
Kuberaksha-its seeds resemble the size of eyes
Dusparsha-Due to presence of thornit is difficult to touch
Vajravikara-seeds are head like that of diamond
Ganadaksha-The colour of seed indicates the cornea of a race who are rich
General Information :
Habit – large straggling thorny shrub. Branches – armed with hooks and straight hard yellow prickles. Leaves – compound, 30 to 60 cm long, petioles are prickly, at the base of leaf there is a pair of stipule reduced to pinnae, prinnae are 6 to 9 pairs, 2 to 3.8 cm long, 1 to 2 cm wide, elliptic-oblong, glabrous above, more or less puberulous beneath short petiolutes. Inflorescence – long peduncled terminal or supra axillary raceme. Fruit – pods., shortly stalked, oblong, 5 to 7 cm long, 45 cm wide, densely armed with wiry prickles. Seeds are 1 to 2 in one fruit, lead coloured 1 to 3 cm long.
Types Of Plant’s :
Specific Parts :
Seed, root, Leaf
करंजी स्तंभनी तिक्ता तुवरा कटूपाकिनी l
विर्योष्णा वामिपित्तार्श : कृमिकुष्ठ प्रमेहजित् l l भा प्र
Patra pottali massage of Latakaranja leaves with Erand and Arka leaves helps in inflammatory conditions of joints.
Paste of latakaranja seed is advisiable in wound
In abdominal distension lepa of latakaranja at umbilical region seed is advisiable
Latakaranja seeds are grounded with Eranda patra.This paste is applied over inflammed area.
Women wears the necklace made by seeds of this plant on red thread as precautions against Miscarriage.
Visamajwara (Malarial fever)
Latakaranja (Caesalpinia crista) seed powder is given and administered with equal quantity of Marica (Piper nigrum) choorna (Powder) in case of Visamajwara (Malarial fever).
Roasted churna of Latakaranja seed with sugar in a dose of 1gm is recommanded in Pravahika.
Seed kernal of latakaranja with Kanjika is given to treat the Atisaar.
Latakaranja (Caesalpinia crista)seed is grinded with Godugdha (Cow milk) and applied in case of Youvanapidaka (Pimples).
Seed and long pepper powders with honey has good expectorant effect and given in cold, cough and respiratory illness.
oil prepared from Latakaranj seeds and castor oil is applied externally on hydrocele.
Latakaranja patra juice with Amihaldi and PAlash beej churna helps in erradication o worms from body.
Beejmajja of Latakaranja seed is used as Garbhanirodhak.It is also used in Makkalshula.
Churna of Latakaranjawith Ajawain in a dose of 2gm is recommanded in shwetapradar.
Latakaranja with Haritaki,Lavana and Hingu is used to treat the shula.
To treat the Agnimandya-tender leaves of Latakarnaja should be taken with bidlavana and hingu at empty stomach.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Seed Pulp- 1 to 3 gm.
Chemical Composition :
The seed contain 20 p.c. fixed oil, carbohydrate, caesalpine, diturpine, bondusin and bonducillin.