कलिहारी सरा कुष्ठशोफार्शोव्रणशूलजित l

सक्षारा श्लेष्मजि तिक्ता कटूका तुवरापि च l

तीक्ष्णोष्णा कृमिहृल्लघ्वी पित्तला गर्भपातिनी l l भा प्र

Botanical Name :GloriosaSuperba. Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Liliales

Family     –Liliaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Bhedaniyavarga

Sushruta- mentioned in kaphasamsamanavarga

Bhavprakash- Guducyadivarga

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Karveeradi varga

Kaideva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

 

Other Names :

Latin name: Gloriosasuperba

Ayurvedic: Langali, Langaliki, Langalaki, Langlahva, Indrapushpi, Agnishikha, Ananta, Vishalya, Visalya, Halini, Sirikrama, Shukrapushpika, Vahnimukhi, Garbhapatani, Kalihari, Kalikari, Shakrapushpi, Garbhaghatini

Siddha: KalappaikKizhangu

English: Glory Lily, Super Lily, Tiger’s Claws, Climbing Lily

Bengali: Bisalanguli, Bishalanguli

Gujarati: Khadiyanag, Dudhiyavachnag

Hindi: Kalihari

Kannada: KolikutumanaGade, Nangulika

Malayalam: Mathonni, Menthonni

Marathi: Karianag

Oriya: Dangogahana

Punjabi: Kariyari, Kariari

Tamil: KalappoiKizhangu, Akkinichilam

Telugu: Potthidumpa, Adavinabhi

Myanmar: Si – mee – dauk

Sanskrit Synonyms-

Agnishika-Flowers of langali are bright red in colour like fire bloom

Ratkapushpa

Garbhapatini or Garbhanut-Responssible for expulsion of fetus

Halini-Tuber looks like plough

Sukrapushpi,Indrapushpi-Beutiful flowers

Vahnijihva,Vahni vaktra,Pradeepta,Vahnimukhi,Agnishikha-Flowers resembles the flame

Siri,Vishalya,Kalikari,Prabhata,Pushpaseebhara

 

General Information :

Kalihari (Gloriosasuperba) is an herbaceous tall glabrous branching climber. This is a rainy season plant and sprouts well in warm, humid and tropical conditions. Habit – herbaceous tall glabrous branching climber. Root stock – arched, fleshy- white, cylindric, 15 to 30 cm long, 2.5 to 4 cm wide, pointed at each end, bifurcately branched of V-shaped, roots are fibrous. Stem- annual, 3 to 6 mtr long, Leaves – sessile or nearly so, 7.5 to 15 cm long, 2 to 4.5 cm wide, ceolate, tip ending in a tendril like spiral. Nerves are parallel. Flowers- large, axillary, solitary remains for about for about  7 days , yellow and crimson red coloured. Fruit – capsule, 45 cm long 2 cm wide, linear – oblong.

Types Of Plant’s :

Climber herb

 

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Katu, Tikta, Kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- ushna

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha

 

Specific Parts :

Tuber (Kanda)

 

Doshaghnata :

Kapha-Vatashamak, Pittakara.

लांगली कटूरुष्णा च कफवातविनाशनी l

तिक्ता सरा च क्ष्वयथू गर्भ शल्यव्रणा पहा l l ध नि

कलिहारी सरा कुष्ठशोफार्शोव्रणशूलजित l

सक्षारा श्लेष्मजि तिक्ता कटूका तुवरापि च l

तीक्ष्णोष्णा कृमिहृल्लघ्वी पित्तला गर्भपातिनी l l भा प्र

 

Benefits :

External Application-

Pqaste of Langali rhizome is applied over the area of scorpian bite,honey bee bite,centipede bite etc

External application of langali paste over the umbilical region pramotes the abortion by causing the uterine muscle contraction.

Paste of Langali rhizome is applied over the external pile mass,wound and localised swelling..

Internal-

Deepana, pittasaraka, krimighna, kusthaghna and vishamajvaraghna in a small dose.

In samanyadaurbalya being balya and rasayana.

Kaliharichoorna should be given in sakashtaprasooti

 Asthma, arthritis

Tuber powder and roasted common salt in the ratio of 1:2 is orally taken in a dose of 2 gm for asthma and arthritis.

 

Foreign object in the skin (like nail, glass), splinter

a paste of tuber is rubbed on stone and apply on affected place.

Lice

Kalihari juice leaves is applied over the head surface in case of headlice.

Paralysis

Shodhit / purified tuber slice is chewed thrice a day. This is done for 15 days.

 

 

Indralupta (Alopecia)

After doing venesection the part should be deeply scraped then apply the paste of root of Langali (Gloriosasuperba) in case of indralupta (Alopecia).

Apache (Scrofula)

Oil prepared from one part of paste of langali (Gloriosasuperba) and four parts Nirgundi (Vitexnegundo) Juice should be instilled in case of Apaci (Scrofula).

Powder of langali rhizome with honey is used to treat the fever.Dose-1gm

For intestinal worm-Langali powder with hot water is recommanded.

Dose-500-750mg

Retained Placenta-

Root paste of Langali is applied over palm and soles in case of retained placenta.Along with Powder of langali rhizome with Pippali is given for internal use

For pramoting labour pains-

Paste of Langali rhizome is applied to navel ,suprapubic region to pramoting the labour pains.

Formulation (Kalp) :

Kasisaditaila, Langalirasayana.

Chitrakadi tail

Bhrihat marichadi tail

 

Dosage :

0.25 to 0.5 gm. As katupaushtik

3 to 6 gm. For expulsion of foetus.

 

Research Corner :

The methanol extract of the rhizomes of Gloriosasuperba Linn (Colchicaceae) and its subsequent fractions in different solvent system were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities. Excellent antifungal sensitivity was expressed by the n-butanol fraction against Candida albicans and Candida glaberata (up to 90%) and against Trichophyton longifusus (78%) followed by the chloroform fraction against Microsporumcanis (80%).

Side Effects-

It is not given in pregnant womens as it cause contraction of uterus which leads to abortion.

Over dose of langali causes vomitting,diarrhoea  and increase in blood pressure.

 

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