Botanical Name :Mimosa Pudica. Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom – Plantae

Order – Rosales

Family     –Mimosaceae

 

According To Ayurveda

Charak-           Sandhaniyavarga

Purisasangarahaniyavarga

Sushruta-         Priyangvadigana

Ambasthdigana

Bhavprakash-GuducyadiVarga

 

Other Names :

English name – Sensitive plant
Hindi name –     lajalu, chuimui
Bengali name –                 Lajjavati
Kannada name –              Nachikemullu, Nachike Gida
Gujarati name –               Reesamani
Tamil name –     Tottalavadi

 

General Information :

Habit – Diffuse undershrub, 45 to 90 cm high. Stem & Branches – Sparingly prickly and clothes with long weak bristles from bulbous bases. Leaves – Compound, Sensitive, Petioles 2.5 to 5 cm long, leaf is 5 to 7.5 cm long, leaf lets are 12 to 20 pairs, 6 to 8 mm long and 4 mm wide, sessile, linear-oblong. Flowers- pink in colour, seen in globose heads, 8 mm in diameter. Fruits – Pods, 1 to 2 cm long, 3 to 4 mm wide, flat, slightly recurved, consisting 3 to 5 one seeded joints.

Types Of Plant’s :

  1. Lajjalu (Mimosa pudica)
  2. ViparitaLajjalu (Biophytumsensitivum)

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Tikta, Kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Shita

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha

 

Specific Parts :

Pancanga, Mula

 

Doshaghnata :

Kapha-Pittashamak.

 

Shloka’s :

लज्जालु: शीतल तिक्ता कषाया कफपित्तजित│

रक्तपित्तमतिसारं योनिरोगान्वीनाशयेत││भ.प्र.

नमस्कारी हिमा तिक्ता कषाया कफपित्तहा l l

योनीरोगमतीसारं रक्तपित्तं च नाशयेत l l कै नि

रक्तपादी कटू :शीता पित्तातीसार नाशनी l

शोफदाहश्रमश्वासव्रणकुष्ठ कफास्त्रनूत l l रा नि

Benefits :

External Application-

Paste of lajjalu plant is applied over the fresh wound.This will helps in stopping of bleeding.

It is also advise in skin diseases.

Polutice prepared with lajjalu plant is applied over the affected part to get relief from vaginal prolapse and anal prolapse.

Local application of leaves paste of lajjau helps in fracture treatment.

External application lajjalu root paste is advisible in piles.

Paste of whole plant is used for external application in edema,rheumatism and myalgia.

Internal-

In atisara, pravahika and raktarsha being stambhana. In urahkshata, raktapitta, pradara, kushtha and shotha being raktastambhana, raktashodhana and shothaghna.

The seed should be  given in shukradaurabalya being vrishya.

The seed powder of lajjalu is given in low sperm count.

Dose-4-6gm

It should be used as ropana in torn muscles ,

It is  asthisandhanakara hence used inasthibhagna being sandhaneeya; also in sarpavishabadha and in sikatameha.

It arrests bleeding.
Fastens the wound healing process.
Very useful in diarrhea (athisaara) Amoebic dysentery (raktaatisaara) and bleeding piles.
It is mainly used in herbal preparations for gynecological disorders.
It has been said to have medicinal properties to cure skin diseases.

Root decoction of lajjalu given in the treatment of renal calculi and urinary infections.Dose-45-50ml

Juice of fresh lajjalu leaves with mundi swarasa is given to treat viral hepatitis and cervical adenitis.

Fresh leaves juice of lajjalu in a dose of 6tsf thrice a day with honey is recommonded in menorrhagia.

 

Urustambha :

Combination of samanga (Mimosa pudica), salmali(Salmaliamalabrica) and Bilva (Aegle marmelos) if taken with honey is beneficial in Urastambha.

Antravruddhi (Scrotal enlargement)

Lajjaluroot paste (Mimosa pudica) and excreta of eagle is applied externally in case of Antravruddhi (Scrotal enlargement)

  • Root decoction is taken to get relief from renal stones, urinary complaints and asthma.Dose-30-40ml
  • {ajjalu plant decoction is consumed in a dose a divided dosage of 10-15 ml thrice a day get relief from diarrhea, bleeding piles, diabetes.
  • The paste of the plant is applied over fresh wounds to stop bleeding, to treat skin diseases.

Arsha-

The dry leaves powder of lajjalu with milk is given in a dose of 2gm to treat the bleeding piles.

Juice of lajjalu with rice kanji in a dose of 30ml thrice a day is recommonded in Piles.

Bronchial asthma-

Fresh juice of lajjalu leaves with coconut water in a dose of 120gm is recommanded in bronchial athma and productive cough.

Lajjalu root(60gm) boiled in 600ml of water and reduced it till 100ml.Take this decoction in two divided dose for 10 days to trat the chronic bronchitis.

Insomnia-

30-60gm of dried plant boiled in 600ml of water and reduced it to 100ml. This decoction is used in two equal divived dose to trat the insomnia.

Herpes Zoster or Shingles-

Poultice of lajjalu leaves is used to treat the herpes.

Uterine Prolapse-

Lajjalu kashayam is used in a dose of 20ml,thrice a day for 10 daysto treat the uterine prolapse along with external application of paste

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Name                                      indication

Samangadikasaya                   Atisara

Kutajavaleha                           Grahani, Raktatisara

SamangadirbilvadiKwatha      Pravahika, Atisara

PusyanugaChoorna                 Yonidosa, Raktapradara

Kutaj avaleha                               Ulcerative colitis,Diarrhoea,piles

Samangadi churna                    Bleeding piles

Palsineuron                                   Cervical spondolysis,brachial neuralgia

 

 

Dosage :

Swarasa – (Juice) 10 to 20 ml

Kasaya (Decoction) – 50 to 100 ml

Chemical Composition :

The plant contains mimosine and turgorin. The periodic leaf movements exhibited by the plant are due to presence of derivatives of 4-O- gallic acid. The aerial part of the plant Mimosa pudica contains C- glycosylflavones, 2-Orhamnosylorientin. The root of the plant contains 10% tannin and 55% ash. The seed contains mucilage.

 

Research Corner :

Mimosa pudica Linn was tested for diuretic activity using the lipschitz test. The ethanolicand  aquoues extract of Mimosa pudica Linn. Was studies at two dose level 100 and 200 mg kg (-1) b.wt. furosemide (20 mg kg (-1)b. wt.) was studies at two dose level 100 and 200 mg kg (-1) was used as standard drug in a 0.9% saline solution. Urine volumes were measured for all the groups up to 5h. theethanolic extract of Mimosa pudicalinn was exhibited significant diuretic activity at doses of 100 and 200 mg kg (-1) b.wt. by increasing total urine volume and ion concentration.

 

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