Botanical Name: Desmostachysbipinnata. Stapf.
According To Modern
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Poales
Family : Poaceae
According To Ayurveda
Charak – Mutravirecaniyavarga.
Sushruta – Trinapancamula
Bhavprakash – Guducyadivarga
Other Names :
Hindi name – Kushta, Kusa, Dab, Davoli, Durva
English name – Tadch grass, Sacrificial grass, Sacred Kusha grass
Bengali name – Derbha
Gujarati name – Darbha, Darabha
Kannada name – Kusha, Darbhe
Malayalam name – Kushaveru, Darbha
Marathi name – Darbha
Punjabi name – Dhab, Dih, Kusa
Tamil name – Teruppai
Telugu name – Darbha, Darbhagaddi
Afghanistani name – Drab, Kuthag
Bolan – Drab
Bombay – Drabh
Budelkhand – Dabvi
Central provinces – Chir, Dabhat, Kusha
General Information :
Habit – Perennial, tall grass, Root stock is stout, stolons are very stout, stems are 30 to 90 cm high and tufted. Leaves – Long, sometimes reaches 50 cm, 1 cm wide, rigid, acuminate, hispid margin and filiform tip. Inflorescence – Panicle, 15 to 45 cm long spikelet’s are glumes are 1 to 2 mm long. Grains are very small 0.5 mm long, obliquely ovoid, laterally compressed and obliquely trigonous.
Types Of Plant’s :
Acc. To Vagabhata two types :
Specific Parts :
दर्भद्वयं त्रिदोषघनं मधुरं तुवरं हिमम
It is used in trishna, raktapitta,raktatisara and raktapravahika due to its sthambhana and trishnanigrahanagunas,
It is stanyajanana in nature hence it is used in stanyakshaya;
In raktapradara it is act as raktastambhaka.
In mootrakrichchhra and ashmari being mootralaashmarinashana and in kushtha and daha also.
Urinary tract infection :
Cold infusion of kush is used to treat urinary tract infection.
Kusha root boiled with rice water and given in leucorrhoea.
Decoction pepared from Trina panchamula- kusa (Demostachyabipinnata), kasa (Saccharumspontaneum) ,sara (Saccharummunja), Darbha (Imperatacylindrica) and iksu (Saccharumofficinarum) is beneficial in Mutrakricchara (Dysuria) caused by Pittadosa.
Root of Kusa (Desmostachyabipinnata) grinded with rice water then taken with rice water for 3 days will control Pradara.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Trinapanchamoolaquatha, Kushavaleha, Kushadyaghrita.
Quatha – 50 to 100 ml.
Chemical Composition :
To improve the quantity of breast milk in lactating women, the root of kusha is boiled in milk and is given in a dose of 30 – 40 ml regularly.
Research Corner :
A study was carried out to evaluate the diuretic and laxative activity of Desmostachyabipinnata (Linn) Stapf, hydro-alcoholic extract in rats. The hydro-alcoholic extract showed significant diuretic activity and was found to be the most potent in increasing the urinary output at 500 mg/kg. when the effect was compared with that of the standard frusemide (P<0.01). Moreover, this extract was found to be most effective in increasing urinary electrolyte .