Botanical Name :DolichosBiflorus. Linn
According To Modern
Kingdom – Plantae
Order – Rosales
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Gujarati: Kalathi, Kulit;
Malayalam: Muthiva, Muthera;
Marathi: Kulith, Kulthi
Trade name: Horse gram
General Information :
Habit – annual, branches are suberect or twining, stipules oblong. Leaves – compound, leaflets are 2.5 to 5 cm long, broadly lanceolate or oblong and entire. Flowers- papilionaceous, 1 to 3 flowers are seen in the axis of leaves yellow in colour, petals are 1 to 2 cm long, keel is narrow and obtuse shorter than the standard. Fruits- pod, about 5 cm long, compressed, recurved with persistant style, seeds are 5 to 6 in number in one fruit, reniform shaped , grey or reddish brown in colour.
Types Of Plant’s :
Shwetha, Rakta, Krishna, Chitra
Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna
Specific Parts :
Kapha – vatashamak, Raktapittaprakopaka.
Being anulomana, bhedana and krimighna it is used in anaha,yakritpleehavriddhi,gulma,arsha and krimi.
It is kaphaghna in nature hence it is used inpeenasa, shvasa,kasa and hikka
It is garbhashayaottejaka and garbhashayashodhaka hence it is used in kashtartava
In ashmari being mootrala and bhedana; in medorogas being lekhana.
Atisweda (Excessive sweating)
kulattha (Dolichosbiflorus)powder is rubbed over the body to reduce the Atisweda (Excessive Sweating).
Kasa (Cough)&Swasa (Asthma)
Ghee cooked with decoction prepared fromkulattha (Dolichosbiflorus), pippali (Piper longum), Root of Pippali, Cavya (Piper chaba),Citraka (Plumbagozeylanica) and sringavera (Zingiberofficinale ) is very useful in case of kasa (cough), swasa (Asthma) and Hikka (Hiccough).
Kulthi dal is a well-known home remedy for eliminating urinary stones from body.
Kulthi dal lowers the cholesterol level in body. It is an Antioxidant that reduces the free radical damage. In Andhra Pradesh, Kulthi water is used for treating Jaundice.
Choorna 3 to 5 gm.
Kwatha 50 to 100 ml.
Research Corner :
To evaluate the preventive effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Dolichosbiflorus seeds (DBE) in ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis. Ethylene glycol caused a significant increase in calcium, oxalate, phosphate, and total protein in urine as well as in kidney whereas decrease in calcium, sodium, and magnesium in serum was observed (0>0.001).