Botanical Name :DolichosBiflorus. Linn
According To Modern
Kingdom – Plantae
Order – Rosales
According To Ayurveda
Dhanvantari Nighantu-Suvarnadi Varga
Raja Nighantu-Parpatadi Varga
Kaideva Nighantu-Krutanna Varga
Other Names :
Gujarati: Kalathi, Kulit;
Malayalam: Muthiva, Muthera;
Marathi: Kulith, Kulthi
Trade name: Horse gram
Peetamudga-resemble munga bean but yellow in colour
Tamra Varna-Copper coloured seed
Surashtraka-commonly seen in Saurashtra region-gujarat
Druk Prasada-it is good for eyes.
General Information :
Habit – annual, branches are suberect or twining, stipules oblong. Leaves – compound, leaflets are 2.5 to 5 cm long, broadly lanceolate or oblong and entire. Flowers- papilionaceous, 1 to 3 flowers are seen in the axis of leaves yellow in colour, petals are 1 to 2 cm long, keel is narrow and obtuse shorter than the standard. Fruits- pod, about 5 cm long, compressed, recurved with persistant style, seeds are 5 to 6 in number in one fruit, reniform shaped , grey or reddish brown in colour.
Types Of Plant’s :
Shwetha, Rakta, Krishna, Chitra
Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna
Specific Parts :
Kapha – vatashamak, Raktapittaprakopaka.
The herb kulattha is of two types-depending upon the cultivating pattern
Local grown variety
Depending upon the Colour of seeds it is of 4 types-
कुलत्थ: कटूक : पाके कषाय : पित्त रक्तकृत् l
लघु र्विदाही विर्योष्ण : श्वास कास कफा निलान् l l
हन्ति हिक्काsश्मरीशुक्र दाहानाहान्सपिनासान् l
स्वेदसंग्रह्को मेदोज्वरक्रिमीहर: पर :l l भा प्र
उष्णा: कषाया :पाके अम्ला :कफशुक्रानीलापहा :l
कुलत्थ: ग्राहीण : कासहिक् श्वास अर्शसां हिता : l l च सु
कषाय: स्वादुरुक्षोष्णा : कुलत्थः रक्तपित्तला :l
पीनस श्वासकासार्शो हिद्मानाहकफानीलान्l
धन्ती शुक्राश्मरी शुक्रं दृष्टी शोथ तथोदरम् l
ग्रहीणो लाघवस्तीक्ष्ण: विपाके अम्ला :विदाहीन :l l अ सं सु ७
Kulatta seed paste is used for fomentation which gives relief in localised swelling.
Prepared the powder of Kulattha seeds.Burn this powder,the smoke obtained from this is inhaled to relieve hiccups.
The powder prepared with Kola and Kulattha seeds are used for Udhwartanam which helps in Medakshaya
Being anulomana, bhedana and krimighna it is used in anaha,yakritpleehavriddhi,gulma,arsha and krimi.
It is kaphaghna in nature hence it is used inpeenasa, shvasa,kasa and hikka
It is garbhashayaottejaka and garbhashayashodhaka hence it is used in kashtartava
In ashmari being mootrala and bhedana; in medorogas being lekhana.
Atisweda (Excessive sweating)
kulattha (Dolichosbiflorus)powder is rubbed over the body to reduce the Atisweda (Excessive Sweating).
Kasa (Cough)&Swasa (Asthma)
Ghee cooked with decoction prepared fromkulattha (Dolichosbiflorus), pippali (Piper longum), Root of Pippali, Cavya (Piper chaba),Citraka (Plumbagozeylanica) and sringavera (Zingiberofficinale ) is very useful in case of kasa (cough), swasa (Asthma) and Hikka (Hiccough).
Kulthi dal is a well-known home remedy for eliminating urinary stones from body.
Cold infusion prepared with Kulattha seeds is used to treat renal calculi,urinary bladder pain and difficulty in micturation.
Kulattha seed powder with Badar kwath is used to trat Renal calculi.
Boil 4 tsf of kulattha seeds in 1/2lit of water and reduced it to 1/5th then strain this decoction.Add 2 tsf of crushed pomegranate seeds.This should be take to treat kidney and bladder stone.
Decoction prepared with Kulattha seeds is used in the treatment of piles,intestinal worms and constipation.
Kulthi dal lowers the cholesterol level in body. It is an Antioxidant that reduces the free radical damage. In Andhra Pradesh, Kulthi water is used for treating Jaundice.
Kulttha seeds are used in Oligomenorrhoea as it induces mentrual periods.
Soup made with kulathha,badar,dhanyaka,bilwa is indicated in vomitting and gastritis.
kulattha seed powder with sunthi ,hinga and beed lavana is used to treat the stomach pain.
Semi liquid solution of kulattha seed with black peppar is used to treat sore throat.
Semi liquid solution of horse gram powder is used to treat flatulence.
Choorna 3 to 5 gm.
Kwatha 50 to 100 ml.
Avoid Kulattha in patient suffering from hyperacidity or gastric ulcers as it causes the aggrevation of Pitta dosha
According to Acharya Charaka ,Kulattha is Amlapittajanaka and Raktapittakruta.
Hence it is avoided in people having the bleeding tendency like in nasal bleeding or menorrhagia
Kulattha can cause infertility as it is responssible for decrease in sperm and semen quality and quantity.
It is not given in patient with gout disoder
The person who is takening Shilajit kalpa ,kulattha is avoided.
It is avoided in preganancy and person with Tuberculosis as it is responssible for excess bile production.
Research Corner :
To evaluate the preventive effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Dolichosbiflorus seeds (DBE) in ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis. Ethylene glycol caused a significant increase in calcium, oxalate, phosphate, and total protein in urine as well as in kidney whereas decrease in calcium, sodium, and magnesium in serum was observed (0>0.001).
Kulattha seed shown anti histaminic action in management of Asthma
It shows antioxident and anti obesity action.
Kulattha seeds also posses anti urolithiatic property.