Botanical Name :DolichosBiflorus. Linn

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom – Plantae

Order – Rosales

Family     –Papilionaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Swedopagavarga

Sushruta- Vatasamsamana

Bhavprakash- Dhanyavarga

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Suvarnadi Varga

Raja Nighantu-Parpatadi Varga

Kaideva Nighantu-Krutanna Varga

Vagbhata-Niruhopaga gana

 

Other Names :

Sanskrit: Kulatha;

Bengali: Kurtikalai,

Gujarati: Kalathi, Kulit;

Hindi: Kulthi;

Kannada: Hurali;

Malayalam: Muthiva, Muthera;

Marathi: Kulith, Kulthi

;Tamil: Kollu;

Telugu: Ulavalu;

Trade name: Horse gram

Sanskrit Synonyms-

Kulattha,Kulatthika

Peetamudga-resemble munga bean but yellow in colour

Tamra Varna-Copper coloured seed

Surashtraka-commonly seen in Saurashtra region-gujarat

Druk Prasada-it is good for eyes.

 

General Information :

Habit – annual, branches are suberect or twining, stipules oblong. Leaves – compound, leaflets are 2.5 to 5 cm long, broadly lanceolate or oblong and entire. Flowers- papilionaceous, 1 to 3 flowers are seen in the axis of leaves yellow in colour, petals are 1 to 2 cm long, keel is narrow and obtuse shorter than the standard. Fruits- pod, about 5 cm long, compressed, recurved with persistant style, seeds are 5 to 6 in number in one fruit, reniform shaped , grey or reddish brown in colour.

 

Types Of Plant’s :

Shwetha, Rakta, Krishna, Chitra

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna

Specific Parts :

Seed

 

Doshaghnata :

Kapha – vatashamak, Raktapittaprakopaka.

Varieties-

The herb kulattha is of two types-depending upon the cultivating pattern

Wild variety

Local grown variety

 

Depending upon the Colour of seeds it is of 4 types-

1.Red

2.White

3.Black

4.Brownish

कुलत्थ: कटूक : पाके कषाय : पित्त रक्तकृत् l

लघु र्विदाही विर्योष्ण : श्वास कास कफा निलान् l l

हन्ति हिक्काsश्मरीशुक्र दाहानाहान्सपिनासान् l

स्वेदसंग्रह्को मेदोज्वरक्रिमीहर: पर :l l भा प्र

उष्णा: कषाया :पाके अम्ला :कफशुक्रानीलापहा :l

कुलत्थ: ग्राहीण : कासहिक् श्वास अर्शसां हिता : l l च सु

कषाय: स्वादुरुक्षोष्णा : कुलत्थः रक्तपित्तला :l

पीनस श्वासकासार्शो हिद्मानाहकफानीलान्l

धन्ती शुक्राश्मरी शुक्रं दृष्टी शोथ तथोदरम् l

ग्रहीणो लाघवस्तीक्ष्ण: विपाके अम्ला :विदाहीन :l l अ सं सु ७

Benefits :

External Use-

Kulatta seed paste is used for fomentation which gives relief in localised swelling.

Prepared the powder of Kulattha seeds.Burn this powder,the smoke obtained from this is inhaled to relieve hiccups.

The powder prepared with Kola and Kulattha seeds are used for Udhwartanam which helps in Medakshaya

Internal-

Being anulomana, bhedana and krimighna it is used in anaha,yakritpleehavriddhi,gulma,arsha and krimi.

It is kaphaghna in nature hence it is used inpeenasa, shvasa,kasa and hikka

It is garbhashayaottejaka and garbhashayashodhaka hence it is used in kashtartava

In ashmari being mootrala and bhedana; in medorogas being lekhana.

Atisweda (Excessive sweating)

kulattha (Dolichosbiflorus)powder is rubbed over the body to reduce the Atisweda (Excessive Sweating).

Kasa (Cough)&Swasa (Asthma)

Ghee cooked with decoction prepared fromkulattha (Dolichosbiflorus), pippali (Piper longum), Root of Pippali, Cavya (Piper chaba),Citraka (Plumbagozeylanica) and sringavera (Zingiberofficinale ) is very useful in case of kasa (cough), swasa (Asthma) and Hikka (Hiccough).

Kulthi dal is a well-known home remedy for eliminating urinary stones from body.

Cold infusion prepared with Kulattha seeds is used to treat renal calculi,urinary bladder pain and difficulty in micturation.

Dose-80-100ml

Kulattha seed powder with Badar kwath is used to trat Renal calculi.

Boil 4 tsf of kulattha seeds in 1/2lit of water and reduced it to 1/5th then strain this decoction.Add 2 tsf of crushed pomegranate seeds.This should be take to treat kidney and bladder stone.

Dose-10-12gm /day

Decoction prepared with Kulattha seeds is used in the treatment of piles,intestinal worms and constipation.

Dose-30-40ml

Kulthi dal lowers the cholesterol level in body. It is an Antioxidant that reduces the free radical damage. In Andhra Pradesh, Kulthi water is used for treating Jaundice.

Kulttha seeds are used in Oligomenorrhoea as it induces mentrual periods.

Soup made with kulathha,badar,dhanyaka,bilwa is indicated in vomitting and gastritis.

kulattha seed powder with sunthi ,hinga and beed lavana is used to treat the stomach pain.

Semi liquid solution of kulattha seed with black peppar is used to treat sore throat.

Semi liquid solution of horse gram powder is used to treat flatulence.

Dosage :

Choorna 3 to 5 gm.

Kwatha 50 to 100 ml.

Kalpa-

Dhanvartaram Tail

Dhanvantaram Ghrita

Kolakulathyadi Churna

Sarvamayantaka Gritam

Side Effects-

Avoid Kulattha in patient suffering from hyperacidity or gastric ulcers as it causes the aggrevation of Pitta dosha

According to Acharya Charaka ,Kulattha is Amlapittajanaka and Raktapittakruta.

Hence it is avoided in people having the bleeding tendency like in nasal bleeding or menorrhagia

Kulattha can cause infertility as it is responssible for decrease in sperm and semen quality and quantity.

It is not given in patient with gout disoder

The person who is takening Shilajit kalpa ,kulattha is avoided.

It is avoided in preganancy and person with Tuberculosis as it is responssible for excess bile production.

 

Research Corner :

To evaluate the preventive effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Dolichosbiflorus seeds (DBE) in ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis. Ethylene glycol caused a significant increase in calcium, oxalate, phosphate, and total protein in urine as well as in kidney whereas decrease in calcium, sodium, and magnesium in serum was observed (0>0.001).

Kulattha seed shown anti histaminic action in management of Asthma

It shows antioxident and anti obesity action.

Kulattha seeds also posses anti urolithiatic property.

 

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