Botanical Name :Luffa acutangulaRoxb.
According To Modern
Kingdom – Plantae
According To Ayurveda
Bhavprakash- Saka varga
Other Names :
Hindi name- Taroi, Kharro, Nenua / Gilki / ChikniTurai / KalitoriTharoayi
English name- Ridge gourd, Ribbed gourd, angled luffa
Assamese Name- Zika, Bhul
Bengali Name- Ghinga, Jhinga
Gujarati Name- Ghisoda, Turiya, Turia / Sirola
Kannada Name- Heerekayi, Heerakai
Konkani Name- Gossale
Marati Name- Shirola, Dodaki, Dodka / Doadakee
Malayalam Name- Peechinga
Tamil Name- Peerakangai, Pirkkankai
Telugu name- Adavibeera, Beera kaya, BeeraKayi, Neyangnattakolu
Konkani name – Ghossaley / Gosalen
Oriya name – Janchi / Jahni
Punjabi name – Kalitori
Tulu name – Peerae, Peere.
General Information :
Habit – Climber, Stem – 5- angled, glabrous, with sharp angles which are often scabrid. Tendrils are usually 3-fid. Leaves – Orbicular in outline, Pale green 15 to 20 cm long, palmetely 5 to 7 angled, base is cordate ,nerves and veins are prominent beneath. Petiole is 5 to 12.5 cm long it is a monoecious plant. Male flowers in axillary 12-20 flowered racemes which is 10 to 15 cm long. Female flowers are solitary, peduncles are 5 to 10cm long. Fruits – 15 to 30 cm long, oblong, tapering towards the base , longitudinally ribbed, with 10 sharp angles. Seeds are 1 cm long, ovoid obling, much compressed & black in colour.
Types Of Plant’s :
Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, tikshna
Specific Parts :
Kapha- pitta Shodhana
अत्यर्थ कटुतीक्ष्नोष्ण गाढेश्विष्ट गदेषु च │
Koshataki juice is used to treat hepatomegaly, splenomegaly and inflammation of the gastric mucosa.Dose-10-20ml
The fruit juice is given to induce emesis and reduce the symptoms of asthma.Dose-10-15ml
The fruit juice of koshataki is used to treat conditions of intestinal worm infestation.Dose-10-15ml
Koshataki leaves paste is applied externally to treat localized swelling and insect bites.
The non -bitter variety of Kosataki is used as vegetable and is commonly found in many recipes.
- Fruit juice or leaves juice is given to treat jaundice.Dose-20-30ml
Powder : powder is used in gastrointestinal disturbances, liver weakness, dysentery, vomiting and dysentery. It also used In wormal infestation. It also relieves from mouth ulcers and stomatitis.
Leaves : Leaves are being used in painful conditions and injuries it is applied locally.
Formulation (Kalp) :
BinduGhrita Gulma, Kustha
Vamana – 1 to 2 gm.
Shamana – 0.25 to 0.5 gm
Swarasa – 8 to 5 ml.
Research Corner :
The present study reports protective effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Luffa aculangula (HAELA) on doxorubicin (DXR) induced cardio and nephrotoxicity in mice by studying various serum biomarkers., antioxidants in target organs and histoarchitecture alterations. Pretreatment with HAELA reversed significantly the elevated serum biomarkers, alanine amino transferase, lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine phosphokinase in heart and kidney in DXR trated mice.