Botanical Name :Phoenix sylvestris. Roxb.
According To Modern
Kingdom – Plantae
According To Ayurveda
Ashtanga Sangraha-Shodhanadi gana
Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi Varga
Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi Varga
Shodhal Nighantu-Amradi Varga
Other Names :
Hindi name – Kajoor, kejur, kanjoor, khajoor, khajra, Khajur
English name – Date Palm, Wild Palm
Arabic name – Rutab
Bengali name – Khejur
Gujarati name – Khareka
Malayalam name – Eethapala
Marathi name – Khajura
Tamil name – Ichan, citrichu, iiccampanai, iicham, periaiitchham, periichcham
Telugu name – Pedayita, chettetha, eeshaanchedi, eeta, etha, peddaeeta.
Arab name – Rutab
Bengali name – Kajar
English name – Wild date / Palm tree
Gujarati name – Khareka
Indu& Ishan – Chedi
Kannada – Kajjuri/ Eachalumara
Malayalam name – Kattinta/ Eethappana, inda, inta, intappana, kharjjuram.
Manipur – Thangtup
Marathi name – Khajura, boichand, khajoor, shendi, shindig.
Persian name – Khurma
Kannada name – eechaalu, seeindu, seindi, andaeechalu.
Kharjura-leaves and fruits are blooming at the top of tree
Pindi-Shape of fruit is oval
Skanda phala-fruits appear on the top of tree
Madhuragraja,Madhu srava-Juice oozing from tree is sweet like honey
Swadu Mastaka,Swadu phala-Fruits are very sweet
Duraroha-Difficult to climb
Shreni,Kaka karkati,Haripriya,Sukantaka,Sriphala Simhi,Khara skanda,Nishreni,Drudha kantaka,Mruducchada,Dushpradharsha
Yavaneshta-liked by westerners
Haripriya-Lord vishnu liked Dates.
General Information :
Habit – a tall tree, attaining a height of 100 ft. Trunk is covered with persistent base of petioles, foot is often surrounded by a dense mass of root suckers. Leaves –Pinnae is 20 to 40 cm long, regularly distichous. Male panicle – white, compact, 15 to 20 cm long on a short peduncle flowers are 6 to 8 mm long, sweet scented. Female inflorescence – peduncles are 11 broad, some times broader below, spikes 30 to 60 cm long. Fruit – Oblong, 25 to 75 cm long, reddish brown or yellowish brown when ripe, pulp is fleshy and sweet, seeds are cylindric with a longitudinal furrow vin front.
Types Of Plant’s :
Kharjura, Pinda, Raja, Madhu and Sulemani.
According to Sushruta-
According to Raj Nighantu-
According to Bhav prakash-
Depending on shape-
Bhumi Kharjura-Brown oval shaped
Specific Parts :
क्षतक्षयापहं हृद्यं शीतलं तर्पणं गुरु l
रसे पाके च मधुरं खर्जुरं रक्त पित्तजित् l l ध नि
खर्जुरं तुवरं शितं मधुरं रसपाकयो: l
स्निग्धं रुची करं हृदयं क्षतक्षयहरं गुरु l
तर्पणं रक्तपित्तघ्नं तुष्टीपुष्टीदशुक्रलम् l l
कोष्ठमारुतकृद बल्यं दाहवातकफापह्म् l
ज्वराभीघातक्षुतृष्णाकासश्वासान्नीयच्छ्ती l l
मज्जा तू मुर्धज : स्वादुवृष्यो रक्तकफापह :l
खर्जुरिकावृक्ष तोयं मदपित्तकरं परम l l
वातश्लेष्महरं रुच्यं दीपनं बलशुक्रकृत l l कै नि
Gargling of root decoction of kharjura is used to treat gingivitis and mouth ulcers
External Application of Kharjura Root powder over the teeth is advisible to treat toothache.
Dhupan of kharjura seeds is advisiable in piles
CHOLESTEROL AND FAT:
Khajura is free from cholesterol and very low in fat amounts.
It is good source of nutrition.
Dates provide us with plenty of proteins, which are in turn very essential for the regular functioning of the body.Protein is main building block of muscles.
Fermented juice of draksa (Vitisvinifera), lksu (Saccharumofficinarum)andkharjura (phoenix dactylifera) is very much useful in Grahaniroga (Sprue).
Mukhavairasya (Abnormal Taste)
Paste of Draksa (vitisvinifera) and kharjura (Phoenix dactylifera) if used as gargle it is very beneficial in Mukhavairasya (abnormal taste).
Juice extracted from leaf stalk(neera) is used as diuretics
Kharjura patra kwath is used to treat diarrhoea,dysuria and intestinal worm.
Fruit paste of kharjura with dadimba seed,chincha swaras and amalki is used to treat Chronic condition of alcoholism.Dose-40-50ml
Kharjura is good immunity booster.Hence soaked kharjura in milk is given to childrens with low body weight,less haemoglobin and low immunity.
Daily eating of Kharjura improve the physical strength,sexual vigor and energy.
Cold infusion of kharjura fruits is used to treat dehydration and fever.
To treat the haematuria,decoction made from kharjura,kashmarya,tinduka,guduchi with honey is used in a dose of 30-40ml.
Kharjura fruit pulp with Pippali churna and honey is given to treat hicough.
To treat the Rheumatic arthritis-squash of kharjura fruit is used.
Also advised to take Kharjura fruit with Almond and Gond to increase the serum calcium level in body.
Powder of Kharjura,Almond,vaisins and rock candy in equal quantity with honey is used to treat Raktapitta.
Khajuradi leha with honey and ghee is used to treat bronchial asthma ,hiccup and madathyaya.
To treat Anemia,piles,hepatitis kharjurasava is used
To treat the Grahani roga fermented juice of draksha and kharjura is used.
Kharjura flower is used as purgativewhile the pulp of kharjura fruit is used to treat dysentry
Juice of fresh kharjura leaves with water improves the stamina .
Kharjura have antitussive and expectorant effect..4-5 kharjura boils in water for 5 min and consumption of this lukewarm water milk gives the relief from cough.
Pulp of Kharjura fruit with roasted Black til in a quantity of kola is used as a remedy in bed wetting.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Kharjuramantha – 50 to 100 ml.
Fruit – 5 to 7
Svarasa – 20 to 40 ml
Research Corner :
Date (Phonenixdactylifera L.) fruit phonolic-acid or flavonol fractions were examined in vitro for antioxidant and antiatherogenic properties. Two fractions or each subgroup were prepared from two date varieties. Amari and hallawi by solid phase extraction on C18. The fractions were analyzed for phenolics composition by RP-HPLC and tested for ferric- reducing antioxidant power, free radical scavenging capacity, inhibition of Cu(2+)- induced LDL oxidation, and enhancement of HDL-medicated cholesterol efflux from macrophages.