Botanical Name :CostusSpeciosus. [Koeing], Sm.
According To Modern
Kingdom – Plantae
According To Ayurveda
Sushruta- Saka varga
Bhavprakash- Saka varga
Other Names :
Hindi name- Kembu, Peyun
English name- Cane reed, Wild ginger, crepe ginger
Kannada name- Chengaluva
Tamil name- Venkottam, Vasabu
Telugu name- Kevu Kanda
General Information :
Habit – an erect plant grows upto 8 ft. in height. Is subwoody at the base. Leaves – 15 to 30 cm long, 5 to 7.5 cm wide, subsessile, spirally arranged, oblong or oblanceolate – oblong, acute or acuminate, or acuminate, glabrous above, silky pubescent beneath and base is rounded. Flowers- flower white in colour, numerous, in very dense spike, big flowers are up to 12 cm long and 7 cm wide, bracts are red in colour. Fruit – capsule, Globosely 3 – gonous, 2 cm in diameter, red in colour , seeds are black in colour.
Specific Parts :
Kapha – Pittashamak, Vatavardhak.
Krimi (Worm infestation)
kebuka (Costus specious ) juice is beneficial in krimiroga
Juice of Kebuba (Costus specious) rhizome is taken with salt in case of Slipada (Filariasis)
- In skindiscoloration , black spots and itching due to ring worm infection paste of leaves and rhizome is applied over the affected area.
- Kebuka rhizome decoction is given in condition of elephantiasis, fever and intestinal worms.Dose-20-30ml
- The cold infusion of the rhizome of Kebuka acts like blood purifier and hence beneficial in patient ssuffering from repeated skin diseases.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Choorna – 1 to 3 gm. Kalka – 10 to 20 ml
Chemical Composition :
The rhizomes contain Costusosides, Saponins- dioscin, gracillin and beta-sitosterol- beta-D-glucoside.
Research Corner :
Costusspeciosus is an important medicinal plant widely used in several indigenous medicinal formulations. The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro anti-inflammatory antioxidant and antiangiogenic activities of diosgenin isolated from C. Speciosus. The diosgenin was isolated from C. speciosus by HPTLC and its biological activities of diosgenin isolated by HPTLC and its biological activites were studies by different protocols.