Botanical Name :Cassia Occidentalis Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom – Plantae

Order – Rosales

Family     –Caesalpinaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not included in Varga

Sushruta- Surasadigana

Bhavprakash-  Sakavarga

 

Other Names :

Hindi name-Kasoundi
Telugu name- Kasavinda, Kasind
Kannada name – Elemurisoppu, Kasamarada Gida
Bangali name – Kesenda
Marathi – Kasvida
Gujarati name – Kasondari
Tamil name – Peyaveri
Urdu name – Kasonji
Assamese name – Hanttheng

General Information :

Habit- diffuse undershrub grows upto 1.5 mtr in height. Branches – subglabrous, furrowed, often purplish in colour. Leaves- Compound, 15 to 20 cm long, with a single gland near its base. Leaflets are 3 to 5 pairs, 2.5 to 10 cm long and 1 to 4 cm wide, ovate- lanceolate shaped. Inflorrescence- few flowered raceme.Flower- yellow in colour, with 5 petals. Fruit- pod, 10 to 12 cm long, 5 mm thick, recurved, compressed, transversely septate. Seeds are 20 to 30 in number and avoid shaped.

Types Of Plant’s :

Cassia sophera

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Tikta, Madhura

Vipak-Katu

Virya-ushna

Guna-Ruksha, laghu, Tikshna

 

Specific Parts :

Leaf, Seed, Root

Doshaghnata :

Kaphavatashamak, Pittasarak.

Shloka’s :

कसमर्द: सुतिक्तस्यान्मधुर: काफवातजित।

विशेषत: पित्तहर: पाचन: कन्ठशोधन:।।

Benefits :

In agnimandya, vibandha, pittavikara and udararoga being deepana, vatanulomana, pittasaraknadvirechana. A decoction of its root or its panchanga is useful in apasmara, apatantraka and akshepaka being akshepashamana and vedanasthapana.

Asthma

Boil some seeds in cup of water for 5-7 minutes. Filter and drink the coffee like beverage to get relief.

Constipation

Make an infusion of kasamarda plant. Take it twice a day.

Kasa (Cough) :

Kwatha (Decoction) prepared from Kasamarda (Cassia occidentalis), faeces of horse, Bhringaraja (Ecliptaalba) and Vartaka (solanum indicum) is taken with honey. This remedy is useful in kasa originated by kaphadosa.

Twakvikara (Skin diseases)

In case of twakvikara (skin diseases ) mixture of seeds of kasamarda (Cassia occidentalis) seeds of mulaka (Raphanussativus) and Sulphur is best remedy.

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Name                                      Indications

Kasamardadikasaya                kasa, Swasa

Pitta kasantako rasa               Pittajakasa, Swasa

Dosage :

Leaf juice – 10 to 20 ml.

Beejachoorna – 2 to 4 gm.

Moolaquatha – 40 to 80 ml.

 

Research Corner :

The anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity of thirty-six extracts of nine Indian medicinal plants were determined by measuring the inhibition of production of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin I beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- alpha) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW 264.7 cells.

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