Botanical Name :Gossypiumherbaceum Linn.
According To Modern
Kingdom – Plantae
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Hindi name- Kapasi
English name- Cotton Plant, Levant cotton
Kannada Name- Hatti
Gujarati name – Kapas, Von
Punjabi name – Kapas
Marathi name – Kapsi
Telugu name- PrattiChettu, Karpasimu
Tamil & Malayalam Name- Panji
General Information :
Habit- shrub grows upto 8 ft. in height. Leaves- Reniform, distinctly cordate-auriculate, leathery , often reticulate. Blade less than half cut into 3 to 5 lobes, the lobes are broad, ovate, rotund, suddenly acute. Stipules are long and linear. Inflorescence – Proliferous, forming many lateral spurs that carry two or more flowers, sometimes clustered. Flowers- yellow with purple claws. Fruit- Dehiscent, capsule
Types Of Plant’s :
Rasa-Madhura, Katu, Kasaya
Specific Parts :
Root, bark, flower, Seed
The seed should be used in vibandha beingsnehana and sransana. Leaf juice should be used in pravahika being pichchhila and flower in kamala and yakritvikara, being liver stimulant. Seed to be used in unmade-apasmara as it is nutrient and gives strength to majjavahasrotas. Syrup made of the flowers is useful in mental diseases as it is stimulant and soothing to the mind. Its decoction is given after delivery with shatapushpa and jiggery. It excretes lochia and prevents uterine infection. It is abortificient in a larger dose. Its seeds are advised in general debility. Svarasa in panduroga and flower or seed phanta in dhatturavishabadha.
Seed paste is applied externally to treat inflammation, pain, poisonous bites, wounds and ulcers.
Oil prepared with seed is used in treating headache.
Formulation (Kalp) :
KarpasasthyadiTaila Vatavyadhi, Ardita
Decoction – 40 to 80 ml.
Seed Powder – 1 to 4 gm.
Research Corner :
Eight alkyl and six heterocyclic aza- derivatives of gossy-pol(2-15) have been synthesized using gossypol (1) extracted from Gossypiumherbaceum cottonseeds. The ability of gossypol aza-derivatives to form complexes with NaCIO (4) has been investigated by electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectra recorded in the positive and negative ion detection modes. The gossypol aza-derivatives have been characterized by FT-IR , (1) H and (13) C NMR spectroscopic methods and subsequently tested for their antifungal properties against Fusarium oxysporum.
Home remedies :
Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata)
Oil processed with seeds of karpasa (Gossypiumherbaceum) and Kulattha (Dolichosbiflorus) is beneficial in vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata).
Fumigation with seeds of karpasa (Gossypiumherbaceum) and Aswagandha (Withaniasomnifera) is useful in kasa (Cough.)