Karna means Ear and Roga means the disease.Detail description of Ear diseases had been explained in the branch Shalakyatantra of Ashtang Ayurveda.There are 28 types of Ear disease explained in Shalakyatantra.

Classification of Ear Disease-
Acharya Charaka divided ear disease in 4 types dependening upon the dominance of doshas.While Acharya Sushruta and MadhavaNidaanakar explained 28 types of karna rogas and Acharya Vagbhatta(Ashtanga hridaya)explained 25 types of Karna rogas.

 

 Sr No  Charaka Samhita
Types-4
 Sushruta Samhita & Madhava Nidankara
Types-28
Ashtanga Hridayakar
Types-25
 1  Vataja  Karna Shoola  Karna Shoola-5
 2  Pittaja  Karna Pranad  Karna Naada
 3  Kaphaja  Karna Badhirya  Karna Badhirya
 4  Sannipataja  Karna Kshweda  Kuchikarnaaka
 5  Karna Strava  Karna Pippalee
 6  Karna Kandu  Karna Kandu
 7  Karna Varchas  Karna Vidaarika
 8  Krimi Karna  Krimi Karna
 9  Karna Pratinaaha  Karna Pratinaaha
 10  Karna Vidradhi-2
a.Doshaja vidradi
b.Kshataj vidradhi
 Karna vidradhi
Palishosha
 11  Karna Paaka  Karna Tantrikaa
 12  Pooti Karna  Pootikarna
 13  Karna Arsha-4
a.Vataja
b.Pittaja
c.Kaphaja
d.Sannipataja
 Karna Arsha
Utpaata
Paripota
Unmantha
 14  Karna Arbuda-7
a.Vataja
b.Pittaja
c.Kaphaja
d.Raktaja
e.Maamsaja
f.Medoja
h.Sannipataj
Karna Arbuda

Duhkhavardhana

Lehya

15 Karna Shopha-4
a.Vataja
b.Pittaja
c.Kaphaja
d.Sannipataja
Karna Shopha