• Gastritis is the irritation and inflammation of the stomatch mucosal lining. Even though everybody has acid secretions, the erosion of the lining of the stomach and duodenum occur only 1 out of 10 people.
  • People with” O” positive and “B” positive blood group are commonly affected.
  • Mostly people with vata pitta prakrti and pitta vata prakrti suffer from ulcers

Types of Gastritis-

 

Chronic Gastritis

  • Gradual development
  • Source of long-term complications
  • Might not manifest noticeable symptoms till years and until other problems develop
  • Causes the gastric mucosa to thin out and gradually increase inflammatory cells
  • Contributes to the development of gastric cancer

Acute Gastritis

  • Sudden occurrence
  • Only lasts for a short time
  • During an episode, it may manifest severe symptoms
  • Based on other lifestyle factors the symptoms could appear and reappear

Atrophic Gastritis

  • This type is chronic
  • Gastric glandular cells are gradually lost, and are replaced by intestinal and fibrous tissues
  • Ups risk of malabsorption/nutritional deficiencies and autoimmune imbalances
  • Low gastric output and hypergastrinemia
  • Can lead to anemia and growth of tumors

Causes

  • Helicobacter pylori bacteria is a common causative factor in our country.
  • Usually other bacteria do not grow in acidic stomach.
  • Stress,Anxiety,worry
  • Drugs like aspirin, NSAID etc
  • Many people come with a history of prolonged usage of aspirin. They usually do not have pain.
  • People with history of radiation therapy
  • Unproper Food Habit
  •  overeating
  • improperly cooked foods
  • Excessive intake of strong tea, coffee or alcoholic drinks
  • Habitual use of large quantities of condiments and sauces
  • Nutrition deficiencies (including being deficient in Vitamin B12, magnesium, calcium, zinc and selenium)
  • Eating disorders like bulimia nervosa
  • Pernicious anemia, which inhibits the correct absorption of Vitamin B12 and affects the stomach lining
  • Bile reflux

Symptoms

  • Indigestion ,
  • upper abdominal discomforts
  • loss of appetite,
  • nausea, vomiting
  • weight loss.
  • In may cases, emptiness and hunger feeling are seen.
  • Ulcer like symptoms including pain when stomach in empty.
  • Melena (blood in stools )
  • Pain in abdomen(mid night)

 

Ayurvedic view

In Ayurveda, this condition is known as Urdhva Amlapitta where ‘amla’ means sour and ‘pitta’ refers to the dosha of the same name. In this condition, the Pitta dosha (biohumor representing Fire and Water elements) whose seat is in the stomach and the digestive fire tends to over-secrete leading to acidity in the body.
This acidity (which is a byproduct of Pitta’s sharp, hot and acrid qualities) causes many symptoms like a burning sensation, loss of appetite, queasiness, indigestion, bloating, etc.

 

Treatment-

Dipana-pachana-Use of tikta,kashaya dravyas

Vatanulomanana chikitsa

  • Use of Madura rasa because madhura is snigdham and p;itta vata samanam also.
  • Mrdu virecanam and ksira basti

Medicines-

  • Sudarasana curnam-
  • Trphala curnam-
  • Panchsakar churna
  • Pravala pisti-
  • Sanka vati
  • Pachak vati
  • Audumbaravleha
  • Dadimbavale
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