Coronal Artery Diseases

Coronary artery disease also called coronary heart disease, or simply, heart disease affects millions of Indians. This serious condition is a result of plaque buildup in your arteries.

About Coronary Artery Disease:

The arteries, which start out smooth and elastic, get a plaque on their inner walls, which can make them more rigid and narrowed. This restricts blood flow to your heart, which can then become starved of oxygen.

The plaque could rupture, leading to a heart attack or sudden cardiac death.

How Does Coronary Artery Disease Develop?

From a young age, plaque can start to go into your blood vessel walls. As you get older, the plaque builds up. That inflames the walls and raises the risk of blood clots and heart attacks.

The plaque makes the inner walls of your blood vessels sticky. Then, other things, like inflammatory cells, lipoproteins, and calcium, travel in your bloodstream and mix with the plaque.

As more of these inflammatory cells join in, along with cholesterol, the plaque increases, both pushing the artery walls outward and growing inward. That makes the vessels narrower.

Eventually, a narrowed coronary artery may develop new blood vessels that go around the blockage to get blood to the heart. However, if you’re pushing yourself or stressed, the new arteries may not be able to bring enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

In some cases, when plaque ruptures, a blood clot may block blood supply to the heart muscle. This causes a heart attack.

If a blood vessel to the brain is blocked, usually from a blood clot, an ischemic stroke can happen.

If a blood vessel within the brain bursts, most likely as a result of uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure), a hemorrhagic stroke can result…