Backache is most commonly seen in any stage of life including children also.The reason behind that back pain is our sedentary life style and un proper diet. Stress factor also elevate the back pain. Multiple physical factors like heavy weight lifting also gives rise to origin to back pain.It is a symptom and not a disease whose cause lies elsewhere in the body.
Lower back pain may be associated any abnormitity of lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdomen and internal organs present in that reason like kidney etc
While upper back pain may be related to the disorders of the aorta, tumors in the chest, and spine inflammation.
Symptoms of Backache
Peristant back pain more than 2 weeks.
- Intensity of back pain is high grade
- Difficulty in bending (forword and backward)
- Simple movement of back can lead to severe pain
- Restriction of movement of back
- Relief is felt by gentle massage
- Heaviness in back
- Stiffness in back
- Unexplained weight loss
- Numbness or a tingling in legs
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
- Sleep distrubence due to pain
Root Causes of Backache
- Dislocation of vertebraes
- Muscular spasm of back muscle
- Long term sitting
- rheumatoid or ankylosing spondylitis
- Curvature of spine
- Presence of tumors in the spine
- Some chronic infection
- Injury to spine
- Poor circulation of blood
- Psychological upsets
- Narrowing of spinal canal
- Loss of nerve function at the lower spinal cord (cauda equine syndrome)
In Ayurveda it is known as Nitambha shoola or Kati shoola,Trikashool or Katigraha
It occurs due to asthi dhatu kshaya and mamsa dhatu kshaya. .
Pain is the main symptom of Vata dosha.Vataprakopak ahar-vihar like overeating of astringent,pungent ,dry foods,stress,worries etc leads to vitiation of vata dosha.This vitiated vata doshas causing vitiation of other doshas and dusyas in body,which goes to back through the blood causing Katishool.
Vata dosha pradhan–Dy food items intake,katu-tikta ahar,worries,stress can lead this problem. The pain is Variable, migrating , throbbing and intense in nature.
Cold wind and cold condition aggravates the pain
Pitta dosha pradhan–Excessive anger,shock,inflammation can lead this problem.
The pain is steady burning, lancing ,intese in nature. Hot weather and hot conditions can aggravates the pain .
Kapha dosha – lack of exercise,overweight,eating of heavy oily food,daysleeping,constipation can lead this problem.The pain is Steady dull, aching , deep and diffused in nature. Cold will tend to aggravate the pain and warmth will help relieve it .
Spine massage-Massage of back done in special manner by therapist by using medicated oil.
Katiswedan-Nadisweda by dashmool kwath is very effective.Lavan sweda also gives a fantastic result in backpain.
Kati Basti –A pool like structure is made with black gram floor at back region.then pouring of warm oil is done for particular period of time .Before that local massage of back is done. When cool, the oil is soaked up using cotton gauze and the process is repeated several times. For this purpose oils like mahanarayana,dhanwantaram,bala etc can be used.
Bruhat vata chintamani Rasa