Our body is made up of lots of substances likes bones, tissues, muscles, nerves, organs, blood and many more things. For maintenance of life and maintenance of organs, lots of cellular reactions occur in our body. From this cellular reactions, free radicles are produced as a byproduct in the daily basis. Excess production of this free radicals damage the cell wall and produces diseases of cardiovascular system, cancers, Alcheimeris arthritis etc.
Oxidation is the process which produces free radicals. This free radical present in our body in form of ROS ( Reactive oxygen species ), Hydroxyl radical (OH), Superoxide radical(O2) nitric oxide ( NO). This free radicals attacks on protein, DNA and lipid resulting into cellular damage. When it attacks lipid it forms cardiovascular diseases when it attacks DNA it forms cancer and when it attacks protein and bones it forms arthritis.
Antioxidants are the molecules which can react with free radicals and neutralize or terminate them and prevents the cells from oxidative damage.
Antioxidants include some vitamins like Vitamin C and Vitamin E, Some minerals like selenium and flavonoids which are presents in plants. The best source of antioxidants is fruits and vegetables.
Beta carotene presents in green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, broccoli, carrots, and berries basically in red and green fruits and veggies. It is very beneficial for eyes. It reduces the risk of vision loss and cataracts. It also presents muscular damage to eyes.
Flavonoids present in ayurvedic herbs like. Tulsi, punarnava, kanchanar, palash. It is beneficial for the heart. Selinium is very effective in cancer and thyroid disorders, Selenium is presented in mushroom, beans, chia seeds, sunflowers and sesame seeds.
Antioxidants also help in cognitive problems like dementia. Antioxidants not only helps in disease management but it also helps in building up of immune system and detoxification of body.
Hence eat fruits and veggies which are rich in antioxidants