वक्त्ररूपेषु दोषेषु शुद्धकायस्य केवले /
नेत्रे पव स्थिते दोषे प्राप्तमज्जनमाच्रेत्// (सु.उ .१८/५१)

Medicine is administrate in the eyes to the internal surface of lid margin from kaneenaka sandhi to apanga sandhi, with anjana salaka is known as anjana.

लेखनं रोपनं चापि प्रसादनमथापी वा // (सु उ १८/५२ )
लेखनं रोपनं दृष्टिप्रसादनमिती त्रिधा अंज्ननम् // अ हृ सु २३/१०

Classification according to drugs of action-
Lekhana anjana:- It is used in Kaphapradhana disoders.
The drug used for this did not contain the madhura rasa.
While the drugs used to treat the vata pradhana disoders,should contain the amla-lavana rasa.

विशदं लघ्वनास्त्रावी क्रियापटू सु निर्मलम् /
संशान्तोपद्रवं नेत्रं विरीक्तं सम्यगदिशेत // सु उ १८ /७५

In pitta pradhana – tikta-kashaya rasa
In kapha pradhana – katu-tikta kashaya rasa
In rakta pradhana – kashaya-tikta rasa
Anjana scrapes and expels the dosha from netra, vartma, sira, netra kotha, and asru vaha srotas, through the mouth, nose, eye.

Ropana anjana:- the dravya should be used for Ropana Anjana should be oily with the predominace of tikta and kashaya rasa, it gives strength and complexion to the eyes.

कषयं तीक्तकं वाsपि सस्नेहमं रोपनं मतम् /
तत् स्नेह शैत्यात् वर्ण्य स्यात दृष्ठेश्च बलवर्धनम् / सु उ १८/५५

 Prasadhana anjana:- The dravya used for Prasadana anjana has the predominance of madhura and sneha gunas

मधुरं स्नेहपन्नं अन्जनं तू प्रसादनम् /
दृष्टि दोष प्रसादनार्थम स्नेहवार्थम च तद्धितम् // सु उ १८ /५६

It is used for dushti prasadhana (improvement of vision), and to remove the roughness of dushti (dushti snehana)

Time-
In vata roga –Anjana should be done at evening time,
For pitta roga-Anjana should be done at night
For kapha roga anjana should be done at morning time

 

B. Classification of anjana according to aakrithi (Nature of drug)
(1) Gutika
(2) Rasa kriya
(3) Choorna

(1) Gutika/varti- Is used in strengthy disorders. (mahabala roga)
a) lekhana gutika – 1 harenu matra (dosage)
b) ropana gutika – 1½ harenu matra
c) prasadana gutika – 2 harenu matra

(2) Rasakriya Is moderate type of diseases (madyama bala roga)
a) lekhana rasakriya – 1 harenu
b) ropana rasakriya – 1½ harenu
c) prasadana rasakriya – 2 harenu

 

(3) choorna Is used in heenabala roga
a) lekhana choorna – 2 salaka
b) ropana choorna – 3 salaka
c) prasadana choorna – 4 salaka

C. Classification of anjana according to rasa (drug taste)
(1) madhura anjana
(2) amla anjana
(3) lavana anjana
(4) katu anjana
(5) tikta anjana
(6) kashaya anjana

D. Classification of anjana according to karma or potency of drug (dravya veerya)

Mrudu anjana Teekshana Anjana
Snehana
Ropana
Prasadana
Lekhana

 

Anjana Shalaka,Anjana Patra

Anjana Paatra(vessl) Rasa of the Anjana Drug
Swarna patra
Roupya Paatra
Meshasringi Paatra
Tamra or loha Paatra
Vaidurya Patra
Kaansya Paatra
Madhura rasa drug
Amla rasa drug
Lavana rasa drug
Kashay rasa drug
Katu rasa drug
Tikta rasa drug

 

Anjana salaka Salaka should prepare with the metals are above.
e.g:-
(1) for lekhana karma – Tamra shalaka should be used
(2) ropana karma – Loha salaka should be used
() prasadhana karma – Swarna salaka should be used.

Anjana salaka should be 10 angula length. The two ends should be blunt (should not sharp), like jasmine (flower), should be easy for handling, and should not be rough, thin, hard, and breakable.

When anjana has to apply:-
(1) First purification of body is done by siravyadha, virechana, nasya, vasthi etc.
(2) Should remove the Aam dosha from body
(3) The eye should be free from ama and should exhibit normal doshic symptoms, then only after aschyotana anjana has to do

Anjana vidhi
(1) First done the Mangalacharana
(2) Devatha prarthana
(3) Then make the patient comfortable and fear free
(4) First open the eyes of patient by the Doctor with his left hand, and Doctor has to handle anjana salaka with right hand and he has to do anjana from kaneenaka sandhi to apanga sandhi and from apanga sandhi to kaneenaka sandhi.
(5) Anjana should not be more or less, hard or soft, teekshna or mridhu, quick or delayed, if so causes injury to eyes.
(6) After anjana vidhi, eyeball should be rotated gently by closing the eye lids, so that the medicine completely spread out
(7) The dosha’s dissolves and comes out from the eyes through lacrimation.
(8) The eyes should be cleaned when discharge stops.
(9) If required according to the condition prathyanjana has to give.

 

Anjana nisheda (Contraindication of anjana)

srama,
vegavarodha,
udavartha, rodhana,
madhyapana,
krodha,
bhaja jwara,
sirodosha,
sirasthana,
netra aakhatha,
sun stroke,
pipasa,
vomitting,
jakara,
nasya, rechana, dhoomapana.

If anjana has given in above states causes netra roga (hyperaemia), srava (exudation), soola (pain), sotha (oedema), timira (dim vision), and difficulty in opening and closing the eye lids.